What Lies in the Dark Side of the Human Soul ?

Certain personality traits are associated with a tendency towards very egotistical behavior. There may be a large gap between the egoism of a narcissistic person and a psychopath, but there is a current study showing that all negative personality traits share the same dark side.
A new research indicates that there is one key factor driving all negative personality traits: D-factor (factor D).
Selfishness, micaafilism, moral separation, narcissism, psychological maturity, mental illness, sadism, self-interest, and hatred are all negative traits recognized in psychology.
Some of them, such as sadism, rely on the pain and discomfort of others to satisfy their own desires.
Others, such as personal selfishness, simply mean that a person is likely to put his personal interest first and foremost.
Despite the fact that both of these negative traits are characterized by excessive self-esteem and other similar tendencies in varying degrees, they originate from the same dark side, sharing the same psychological basis.
Researchers argue from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark and the University of Ulm, University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany.
These researchers decided to name this dark side, from which all negative traits (dark factor of personality) and D-factor were generated.
The researchers surveyed more than 2,500 participants who answered questions about their behavioral attitudes and decision-making, which were published in the Psychological Review.

One of the negative factors of all their governance:

The researchers asked participants (in three online surveys) how far they had agreed or disagreed with many statements, including: "It is difficult to go ahead without breaking laws here and there" and "sometimes it is worth a little suffering on my part In order to see others receive the punishment they deserve. "
Participants also reported whether they were inclined to aggressive behavior and overwhelming decisions.
In addition, the researchers also assessed the selfishness of participants and the likelihood of their participation in immoral work.
This information was then applied to the nine characteristics of the aforementioned negative personality.
After analyzing all the information they collected, the researchers concluded that all of these negative personality traits stem from the same dark tendencies.
The researchers explain that all nine characteristics of the negative personality depend on the same tendencies, albeit at varying degrees, namely to give priority to the well-being or happiness or success at the expense of others, even if it means that others will suffer from it.
"The dark side of the human personality has a common denominator," explains Professor Ingo Zetler. "This suggests that it is an expression of the same moods," explains Professor Ingo Zetler. "For example, a D-factor in a particular person Often appear to be narcissistic, have mental illness, or some other dark characteristic, or a combination of them. "
People with "dark personal factors" are not only seeking to achieve their personal interests at the expense of others, but they also create the reasons why they are satisfied with how their actions affect others.

Useful tool

The presence of (factor D) across a range of negative traits also indicates something else. If a person has one of these characteristics, he or she may also have other relevant traits.
"If we can map the common denominator of the different characteristics of the dark personality, one can simply make sure that a person has a high D factor," says Professor Zetler.
"This is because factor D indicates how likely a person is to engage in behavior associated with one or more of these dark attributes."
"Practically speaking, it means that an individual who exhibits certain malicious behavior (like the love of insulting others) has a high probability of engaging in other hateful activities such as cheating, lying or stealing," the researcher notes.
However, the researchers noted that the new framework developed in the current study could help psychiatrists and other specialists better understand negative personality traits, and thus find better strategies for addressing them.
"For example, we see (factor D), in cases of extreme violence, breaking rules, lying and deceiving companies or public sectors," says Zetler.
The knowledge here about a "factor D" may be a useful tool, for example, to assess the likelihood that a person will return or engage in more harmful behavior.

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