Do you kick and scream during sleep? What are the risk factors for violent sleep disorders?


Do you kneel and scream during sleep? What are the risk factors for violent sleep disorders?

A study published on December 26, 2018 in the American Academy of Neurology's online issue of neurology found that taking antidepressants, post-traumatic stress disorder or pathological anxiety were risk factors for violent sleeping disorders during the first stage of sleep Rapid eye movement (REM). The study also showed that men are more likely than women to have sleep disorder. The first phase of REM sleep is the stage of dreams; all dreams occur during this phase.
REM sleep disorder
Here the brain sends nerve signals to prevent the body's muscles from moving. However, people suffering from REM sleep disorder have a defect in these brain signals, which fail to function. Therefore, a person can respond to violent dreams of shouting, kicking, and punching with fists, to the extent that It hurt or hurt anyone sleeping beside it.
"Although we do not know much about REM sleep disorder, we know that it is not possible to get rid of the symptoms of sleep disorders," said Ronald Postuma, a master of medicine and science at McGill University in Montreal and a member of the American Academy of Neurology. Some of the causes may include some medications, or early signs of another neurological disease such as Parkinson's disease, leukemia (mental retardation of the elderly due to accumulation of abnormal protein groups within neurons), or dementia Multiplayer. Identifying a person's lifestyle and personal risk factors can help us find ways to reduce the risk of these disorders. "
The study included 30,097 people aged 63 years and divided the participants according to their different health conditions. Researchers asked participants about their lifestyle, behavior, and social, economic and psychological situations. In addition, each participant was asked whether he had previously told or observed himself to represent his dreams and interact with them during his sleep.
The researchers found, excluding participants with Parkinson's disease, dementia, Alzheimer's or sleep apnea, that 958 people, equivalent to 3.2% of participants, had REM sleep disorder. The study found that those with REM sleep disorder who approved of anti-depressants were about two and a half times more likely than non-infected patients.
The percentages showed that 13% of people with sleep disorders ate antidepressants, compared to only 6% who took antidepressants and did not have sleep disorders. The proportion of people suffering from mental illness was more than two and a half times higher, and those who were exposed to mental stress were more than one-and-a-half times more likely to be affected.
In other research findings, men were found to be more likely than men to be affected by the disorder, with 59% of men and 42% of non-infected men. The proportion of those with moderate to moderate alcohol drinkers was 25% more than non-infected drinkers.
Moderate and overcooked drinkers were 19% and 19%, respectively, compared to 14% of non-disturbed alcohol drinkers. The study also showed that the injured were less educated than those with an average of 13.2 years of education compared to 13.6 years for those without the disorder. The casualties were less at the level of physical income and more likely to smoke.
"The results of our research do not mean that the risk factors mentioned in the results of the study cause REM sleep. The results only show a link between these factors and the disorder," he said. We hope that the results of our research will help us in our future research, especially because behavioral sleep disorder (REM) is a strong indication of the possibility of future neurodegenerative diseases. The more we know about the disorder, the more we can prevent neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease. "
It should be noted that the obstacles to the study were that 96% of the participants were of the white race (white skin), which means that the search results may not apply to people of other races. The Canadian Institute of Health Research and the Health Research Fund of Quebec supported the results.
Source: eurekalert

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