Abstract Introduction to: Antibodies and antimatter


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Anti-matter is one of the secrets of our beautiful universe. A number of astrophysicists and theoretical physicists have spent a great deal of time and effort trying to understand the antiparticle and antimatter in terms of composition, behavior, reason for existence, search for it and try to catch it. this matter .
In theoretical physics, an antimatter is a material made up of anti-particles. These particles have the same mass of ordinary particles as the conventional material, but they are corresponding to the electric charge and the quantum spin, where these particles are interconnected Anti-composition of the antimatter as ordinary particles do to form the known material and in almost the same way for example:
The anti-electron particle is called a positron, which is symbolized by the symbol e + (which has the same mass as the electron but carries a positive charge). The antiproton particle is called an antiproton and is symbolized by the p- (Antihydrogen), and the particle and particle disappears when they meet or merge, as well as fade material and antimatter when they meet with each other. 
And now these important questions come from the physicist who predicted their existence? Why was the presence of such particles necessary?
During the attempts of the British physicist Paul Dirac to reconcile Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity with quantum laws in 1928, his bold attempts led by a series of very complex mathematical calculations to explain the behavior of very small and very fast particles (in this case Electrons were close to the speed of light. This was a remarkable achievement for the physicist, but he did not stop there. This remarkable world observed that his calculations would not only work correctly when applied to the negatively charged electron but would work correctly with the assumption that The charge of this electron is positive , And on this basis Dirac predicted that this particle imposed by the positive charge is the corresponding electron opposite charge, but also confirmed that each particle has a particle and counter as the normal particles of electrons and protons and neutrons of the usual material, the antiprotons, antineutrons,
The Dirac equations were one of the first equations to assume that there were objects in the universe based on theoretical studies, mathematical evidence, and not empirical evidence, but a physicist with a penetrating insight. The presence of positive positron was confirmed by experiments conducted by the American physicist Carl Anderson ) In 1932 and won both .Nobel laureates in recognition of their efforts
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Physicists have understood many things about the behavior of the antimatter after the discovery of Anderson. The most important of these things is that the material and the antimatter are attracted to each other due to the difference in electrical charge and when the fusion destroys each other, the result of the decay of the materials radiation from photons High-energy (gamma ray) or different pairs of molecules or molecules of the counter and in any case subject to the disappearance of the mass of matter and antimatter and the production of energy to the equation Einstein famous E = MC ^ 2 

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